Romans 5:18-19 - The Verses Project

Bible Romans 5:18-19

Posted October 28, 2013

18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous.

Here Paul compares the work of Adam to the work of Jesus (the second Adam). In verse 18 we see what each of their works resulted in, while verse 19 takes us to the foundation of their actions.

Parallel #1: The Results

Paul lays out the parallel between Adam & Jesus but with vastly different results: Adam’s trespass in the Garden of Eden led to the condemnation of all men while Christ’s act of righteousness led to justification and life for all men (note that the “all men” is qualified in the verse prior which says that this gift must be received). One man’s actions led to condemnation, while another’s to justification.

Parallel #2: The Foundation

The foundation of Adam’s act was disobedience (and rebellion) to God, and the foundation of Jesus’ act was obedience to God. In Adam, we (all of us) were made sinners. In Christ (through faith), we are made righteous. Martin Lloyd Jones stated it this way, “Look at yourself in Adam; though you had done nothing you were declared a sinner. Look at yourself in Christ; and see that, though you have done nothing, you are declared to be righteous. That is the parallel.”

May this verse remind us of our plight in the first (and disobedient) Adam which was condemnation and sin, but the great salvation that is ours in Christ, the second (and obedient) Adam which is justification, life, and righteousness. Friends, if you are in Christ, you are no longer in Adam. Condemnation and death no longer have their hold on you, for through Christ you are justified, made alive and righteous.


Song by Chris Clark.
Artwork by Chris Wright.